Sunday, 22 November 2009

Qurbani

THE QURBANI ANIMAL

It is permissible to sacrifice a goat, sheep of all kinds, cow, bull, buffalo or camel.
It is necessary that the goat or sheep is at least one full year old. A cow, bull or buffalo will have to be at least two years old and a camel at least five years old. Animals that are younger are not suitable for Qurbani.
A cow, bull, buffalo or camel will suffice for seven persons provided no one`s share is less than one seventh and the niyyah (intention) of all partners is to attain the blessing of Allah Almighty for Qubani and not merely to obtain meat.
The Qurbani of only one person can be performed from a goat or sheep.

THE FOLLOWING CANNOT BE USED FOR QURBANI

Animals that are blind, one-eyed or has lost one-third or more of its eyesight.
Animals that have lost a third of the ear or the tail, the animal which has no ear since its birth.
Animals whose horns have been broken off from the root.
Animal which has one leg lame to the extent that it walks on three legs only and is unable to use the fourth leg.
Animal that is so lean and thin that its bones have no marrow.
Animal that is so weak that it cannot walk to the place of slaughtering on its own.
Animal that is completely toothless or has lost most of its teeth.
It is virtuous to purchase the animal for Qurbani a few days prior to slaughtering and care must be taken in feeding and nursing it.

MASNOON METHOD OF SLAUGHTERING

It is Sunnah to slaughter the animal with one`s own hands. If one does not know how to slaughter, it is preferred that he remain present while someone else is sacrificing the animal. The intention for Qurbani can be made by tongue or in the heart, however it is necessary to say “Bismillahi Allahu Akbar” when slaughtering.
Use a sharp knife.
Do not sharpen the knife in front of the animal.
After slaughtering, do not skin the animal before it becomes completely cold.
Do not slaughter one animal in the presence of another animal.
It is mustahab (desirable) for one who intends to perform Qurbani to refrain from cutting hair or clipping nails from 1st Zil Hijjah to 10th Zil Hijjah, (i.e. until Qurbani)

THE QURBANI MEAT AND SKIN

It is permissible to eat the Qurbani meat.
It can also be distributed to relatives and friends whether wealthy or poor.
It is better to divide the meat into three parts, one part for the immediate family, one part for relatives and friends and one for the poor and needy.
The skin of the Qurbani animal can be kept for personal use, e.g. using it as a prayer mat, water bag, etc.
If the skin of the Qurbani animal is sold, then it is Wajib to give that amount in Sadaqa to the poor (i.e. those who are eligible for Zakaat) or the amount can be used in an Islamic institute for the upkeep of Islam.
It is not permissible to give meat, fat, etc of the sacrificed animal to the butcher as his wages.
The meat of the animal slaughtered by partners should be shared by weight and not by estimation.

Wednesday, 18 November 2009

Eid-ul-Adha Confirmation

The moon has been sighted in South Africa on Tuesday night 17th November 2009. Wednesday 18th November 2009 is the first Zil Hijjah 1430.

The Muslims performing Hajj will be in Arafaat on the 26th November 2009 (9th Zil Hajjah 1430) and The Muslim Ummah will be celebrating Eid-ul-Adha on Friday 27th November 2009 (10 Zil Hajjah 1430) Insha Allah.

VIRTUES OF QURBANI

Quarbani is a practice commanded by Allah Almighty
“So pray to your lord and sacrifice” (sura al-kauthar verse 2)
There is no action more dearer to Almighty Allah during the days of Qurbani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of judgment with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart. (Tirmizi, Ibne maja)
Hazrat Zaid ibn Arqam (Radiallahu Anhu) relates that the Beloved Companions (Radiallahu Anhum) asked, “O Rasoolallah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) what is Qurbani?” He replied, “It is the sunnah (practice) of your father Ebrahim (Alayhi Salaam).” They asked again, “what benefit do we get from it?” He answered, “A reward for every hair of the sacrificed animal”. (Ibne maja)
When a person slaughters a Qurbani animal, he is forgiven at the fall of the first drop of blood, and verily, the animal shall be brought forward on the Day of judgment with its blood, meat etc, and shall be increased in weight seventy times more than its own weight, and thereafter it will be placed on the scale of deeds.

ON WHOM QURBANI IS WAJIB?

Qurbani is wajib on every Muslim who is of sound mind, mature (who has reached the age of puberty), muqeem (i.e. he is not a shar`ee traveller and possesses the means to perform Qurbani. It is not necessary he possesses the wealth for one lunar year. If he possesses the wealth during the three days of Qurbani it will be obligatory on him to perform Qurbani. Qurbani is not incumbent on a child or an insane person whether they possesses wealth or not, nor is it Wajib upon their guardians to perform it on their behalf. Similarly, it is not Wajib on a shar`ee traveller.
During the days of Qurbani, Sadaqa and charity cannot compensate for Qurbani. Qurbani is a unique Ibadah, just like Zakaah cannot compensate for Hajj, or Sawm (Fasting) cannot compensate for Salaah, similarly charity cannot compensate for Qurbani.

DAYS OF QURBANI

The days of Qurbani are the tenth, eleventh and twelfth of Zil Hijjah. The first day is better than the second, and the second better than the last.

TIME FOR QURBANI

In towns and cities where Jummah and Eid are performed, Qurbani is not permissible before the Eid Sallah. If the Qurbani is offered before Eid Sallah, it will have to be repeated. Therefore, the time for Qurbani commences after the Eid Sallah on the 10th of Zil Hijjah until before sunset of 12th Zil Hajjah.

Tuesday, 3 November 2009

The First Hajj

Hajj was declared compulsory in the year 9 A.H.
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) sent Hazrat Abu Bakr (Radiallahu Anhu) as the head of a group of 300 Muslims to perform the first Hajj. The idea was to teach the people how to perform the Hajj.
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) led the farewell pilgrimage in Tenth year of Hijrah.
The 10th year of Hijrah was a very important year in Islamic history. It was the beginning of a new era in human history. A decade ago the Arabs were divided into tribes and clans, uneducated, full of evil practises and warlike, but now as Muslims they had become united into a brotherhood of true Faith, worshipping Allah and had accepted Muhammad as their Prophet and Messenger of Allah. The Arabs were carrying out their Islamic duties of Sallah, Fasting, Zakaah and Hajj.
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was now 63 years old and declared his intentions to go on a pilgrimage to Makkah. He sent messengers to different tribes of Arabia inviting them to join him in Madinah in order to accompany him to Makkah

Journey - The Last Hajj

On the 26th Zil-Qadh the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) set out from Madinah. On the way thousands more joined him. They reached a place called Zhulhulaifah which is six miles from Madinah. Here they all camped for the night. The next morning all the pilgrims changed into Ehraam. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) rode on his camel, Qaswa and recited the Talbiyah.
On reaching Makkah the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and all the pilgrims made Tawaaf of the Holy Kabbah. They followed the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in performing all the duties of Hajj.
On the 9th of Zil-Hajj the pilgrims assembled in the vast Plains of Arafaat. It was here that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) delivered his famous Farewell Address.

The Last Hajj Address by The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “O people, listen to my words carefully.
“O people, just as you regard this month, this day this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Remember that you will appear before Allah and answer for your actions.
“Return the things kept with you as a trust (Amanah) to their rightful owners. All dues of interest shall stand cancelled and you will have only your capital back, Allah has forbidden interest, and I cancel the debts of interest payable to my uncle, Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib.
“O People, your wives have a certain right over you and you have a certain right over them. Treat them well and be kind to them., for they are your partners and committed helpers.
“Beware of Shaytaan, he is desperate to direct you away from the worship of Allah, so beware of him in the matters of religion.
“O People, Listen carefully, all believers are brothers. You are not allowed to take the things belonging to another Muslim unless he gives it to you willingly.
“O People, none is higher than another unless he is higher in the obedience to Allah. No Arab is superior to a non-Arab except in piety.
“O People, reflect on my words. I leave behind two things, the Holy Quraan and my Example, and if you follow these two you will not go astray.
“Listen to me carefully! Worship Allah and offer Salaah, observe Saum (fasting) in the month of Ramadaan and pay Zakaah.
“O People be mindful of those who work under you. Feed and clothe them as you feed and cloth yourself.
“O People, no prophet or messenger will come after me and no new faith will emerge.
“All those who listen to me will pass on my words to others, and those to others again.
“Have I conveyed the Message of Allah to you, O! People?”
The Sahaba answered in one voice, “Yes, you have. Allah is the Witness.”
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then said, “O! Allah, You are my Witness.”
As the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) finished his sermon, Allah Almighty revealed the following last verse of the Holy Quraan.
“Today, I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you and have chosen Islam as the way of your life.” (Quraan - Al Maidah -Ch 5 Verse 3)
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) immediately recited this verse to all those present. After completing the other rituals of Hajj he returned to Madinah.